Gurvitch, Georges

(1896-1965)
A Russian-born sociologist, who spent most of his professional life in France, and exerted a strong influence on the development of French sociology via his organizing and entrepreneurial activities in Strasburg and Paris. Although some of his work has been translated into English (see, for example, his Sociology of Law, 1942 and The Spectrum of Time, 1958), it is largely alien territory to American and British sociologists, mainly because of its strongly philosophical character. Gurvitch described his approach as ‘hyper-empiric dialectics’ (the dialectical method grounded in reality), and was critical of Hegel and Marx for recognizing only one form of dialectics (polarization and then synthesis of opposites), whereas he claimed to have identified five: complementarity (in which two apparently distinct elements are part of a larger whole); mutual involvement, in which elements interpenetrate each other; ambiguity and ambivalence, where there is both attraction and repulsion; polarization of opposites (as in the Hegelian dialectic); and reciprocity of perspectives, or differentiation between parallel manifestations of the same elements.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • GURVITCH, GEORGES — (1894–1966), French sociologist. Born in Russia, Gurvitch was educated at the universities of Petrograd and Paris. Gurvitch taught at the universities of Petrograd and Strasbourg, and from 1948 until his death at the University of Paris. He also… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Gurvitch, Georges — ► (1894 1966) Sociólogo francés. Intentó integrar los principales conceptos marxistas a la tradición sociológica francesa. Autor de Iniciación a la sociología del conocimiento (1948) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gurvitch — Gurvitch, Georges …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gurvitch — Georges Gurvitch Georges Gurvitch est un sociologue français d origine russe (naturalisé en 1928), né le 11 novembre 1894 à Novorossiisk en Russie (sous le nom Georgij Davydovič Gurvič), décédé à Paris le 12 décembre 1965 en France. Spécialisé… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • GURVITCH (G.) — GURVITCH GEORGES (1894 1965) Né à Novorossisk en Russie dans une famille bourgeoise (son père dirigeait la Banque russo asiatique), Georges Gurvitch fait des études de philosophie à Rostov sur le Don et à Riga, puis à Saint Pétersbourg. Il… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Georges Gurvitch — est un sociologue français d origine russe (naturalisé en 1928), né le 11 novembre 1894 à Novorossiisk en Russie (sous le nom Georgij Davydovič Gurvič), décédé à Paris le 12 décembre 1965 en France.Il a participé à la révolution russe, philosophe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Georges Gurvitch — (en ruso: Георгий Давидович Гурвич; n. 11 de noviembre de 1894 en París, Francia 12 de diciembre de 1965 en Novorossiysk, Rusia) fue un sociólogo y jurista ruso. Es considerado uno de los principales sociólogos de su época y en una especialista… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Georges Gurvitch — (or Jorge Gurvitch, born Georgij Davydovič Gurvič; November 11, 1894, Novorossiysk December 12, 1965, Paris) was a Russian born French sociologist and jurist. One of the leading sociologists of his times, he was a specialist of the sociology of… …   Wikipedia

  • Georges Balandier — au Salon du livre de Paris en mars 2010 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Georges Balandier — Nombre …   Wikipedia Español

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